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Article: Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from north‐western Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses

Palaeontology - Volume 60 Part 4 - Cover
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 60
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2017
Page(s): 583 593
Author(s): Olle Hints, Petra Tonarová, Mats E. Eriksson, Claudia V. Rubinstein, and G. Susana de la Puente
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How to Cite

HINTS, O., TONAROVá, P., ERIKSSON, M.E., RUBINSTEIN, C.V., DE LA PUENTE, G.S. 2017. Early Middle Ordovician scolecodonts from north‐western Argentina and the emergence of labidognath polychaete jaw apparatuses. Palaeontology, 60, 4, 583-593. DOI: 10.1111/pala.12303

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Publication History

  • Issue published online: 12 June 2017
  • Manuscript Accepted: 24 April 2017
  • Manuscript Received: 20 March 2017

Funded By

Estonian Research Council. Grant Number: PUT611
Czech Science Foundation. Grant Number: GJ15‐13525Y
Swedish Research Council. Grant Number: 2015‐05084
FONCYT. Grant Number: PICT 2013‐2206

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Wiley Online Library
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Scolecodonts provide fossil evidence of the evolution and diversification of jaw‐bearing polychaetes from the latest Cambrian onwards. However, their record before the Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) is scarce worldwide, which limits our understanding of key evolutionary events. One such event is the emergence of taxa possessing the asymmetrical labidognath‐type jaw apparatus architecture, which became common in the Middle Ordovician and is often dominant throughout the Palaeozoic. Here, we document a small collection of Dapingian scolecodonts from the Capillas section, Sierras Subandinas, north‐western Argentina. The isolated elements recovered allowed us to reconstruct the distinctive jaw apparatus, and to introduce a new taxon, Andiprion paxtonae gen. et sp. nov. The maxillary apparatus of Andiprion is intermediate between the symmetrognath type of the Early Ordovician Kadriorgaspis and the labidognath type that is present in polychaetaspids and related taxa. The apparatus architecture of Andiprion corresponds best to the labidognath type, but the morphology of the individual jaws suggests that it may be the most primitive representative of this lineage currently known. We propose that Andiprion‐like forms were ancestral to polychaetaspids, polychaeturids and ramphoprionids. The Capillas collection provides supporting evidence for the evolutionary homology of the ‘basal plate’ and the left first maxilla. Thus the labidognath‐type asymmetry, with an unpaired left maxilla III, developed as a result of gradual reduction in size of the first right jaw (‘basal plate’) in front of the carriers, instead of loss or fusion of anterior maxillae.

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