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Article: Transmission electron microscopy of fossil spores

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 16
Part: 4
Publication Date: November 1973
Page(s): 787 797
Author(s): E. K. Kempf
Addition Information

How to Cite

KEMPF, E. K. 1973. Transmission electron microscopy of fossil spores. Palaeontology16, 4, 787–797.

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The Palaeontological Association (Free Access)


Transmission electron microscopy of fossil spores presents special difficulties. A major problem in megaspores is obtaining low power pictures of whole spores; this is overcome by using single-hole discs instead of grids. Care is needed to avoid damaging sporoderm ultrastructure by oxidation during preparation. Results achieved since 1965 are reviewed, and the sporoderm fine structures of Setosisporites (Carboniferous) as well as Salvinia and Alnus (both Tertiary) are illustrated and interpreted.
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