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Article: A revision of Holm's Early and early Mid Cambrian hyoliths of Sweden

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 42
Part: 1
Publication Date: January 1999
Page(s): 25 65
Author(s): John M. Malinky and Vivianne Berg-Madsen
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How to Cite

MALINKY, J. M., BERG-MADSEN, V. 1999. A revision of Holm's Early and early Mid Cambrian hyoliths of Sweden. Palaeontology42, 1, 25–65.

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Re-examination of type specimens of Early Cambrian and early Mid Cambrian hyoliths from Sweden confirms placement of Hyolithes teretiusculus Linnarsson in Hexitheca Syssoiev, and reassignment to the order Hyolithida rather than Orthothecida. Inclusion of Hyolithes affinis Holm within Decoritheca Syssoiev is re-confirmed, and Hyolithes socialis Linnarsson is now referred to Nevadotheca Malinky and Slapylites Marek. An operculum included under Hyolithes oelandicus Holm is transferred provisionally to Maxilites Marek, and conchs of that species are placed under Tulenicornus Val'kov with question. No other hyolith species of Holm can be definitely assigned to genus. The rarity of well preserved opercula is a major impediment to recognizing hyolith taxa confidently, and we follow Holm in attributing the comparative rarity of opercula to the fact that in some hyolith taxa the operculum may have been composed of a different, and perhaps less stable, material than the rest of the conch.
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