Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: Upper Givetian and Frasnian (Middle and Upper Devonian) conodonts from Ampriu (Aragonian Pyrenees, Spain): global correlations and palaeogeographic relations

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 55
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2012
Page(s): 819 842
Author(s): Jau-Chyn Liao and José I. Valenzuela-Ríos
Addition Information

How to Cite

LIAO, J., VALENZUELA-RÍOS, J. I. 2012. Upper Givetian and Frasnian (Middle and Upper Devonian) conodonts from Ampriu (Aragonian Pyrenees, Spain): global correlations and palaeogeographic relations. Palaeontology55, 4, 819–842.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • ABOUSSALAM, Z. S. 2003. Das “Taghanic-Event” im höheren Mittlel - Devon von West-Europa und Marokko. Münstersche Forschungen zur Geologie und Palontologie, 97, 1–330.
  • AUSTIN, R. L., ORCHARD, M. J. and STEWART, I. J. 1985. Conodonts of the Devonian System from the Great Britain (with contributions from BARNES, R. P., CASTLE, C., DRUMMOND, M., KIRCHGASSER, W. T.; SADLER, P. M. and SELWOOD, E. B.). 93–166. In HIGGINS, A. C. and AUSTIN, R. L. (eds). A stratigraphical Index of conodonts. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Chinchester, 93–166.
  • BAI, S. L., BAI, Z. Q., MA, X. P., WANG, D. R. and SUN, Y. L. (eds) 1994. Conodont zonation and correlation, bio-event and chemo-event, Milankovitch cycle and nickel-episode. Devonian Events and Biostratigraphy of South China. Peking University Press, Peking, 303 pp.
  • BARDASHEV, I. A. 1991. Stratigraphy and conodonts of the Eifelian deposits of Central Tajikistan. 25–41. In KHALYMBADZHA, V. J. (ed.). Conodonts of the USSR Eifelian Stage, Kazan. Kazan University, Kazan, 89 pp. [In Russian].
  • BARDASHEV, I. A. 1992. Conodont Stratigraphy of Middle Asian Middle Devonian. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 154, 31–84.
  • BARDASHEV, I. A. and ZIEGLER, W. 1985. Conodonts from a Middle Devonian section in Tadzhikistan (Kalagach Formation, Middle Asia, USSR). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 75, 65–78.
  • BISCHOFF, G. and ZIEGLER, W. 1957. Die Conodontenchronologie des Mitteldevons und des tiefsten Oberdevons. Abhandlungen des Hessischen Landesamtes für Bodenforschung, 22, 1–136.
  • BOERSMA, K. T. H. 1973. Devonian and Lower Carboniferous conodont biostratigraphy, Spanish Central Pyrenees. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, 49, 303–377.
  • BRANSON, E. B. and MEHL, M. G. 1934. Conodont from the Grassy Creek shale of Missouri. University of Missouri Studies, 8, 171–259 [date of imprint, 1933].
  • BRANSON, E. B. and MEHL, M. G. 1938. The conodont genus Icriodus and its stratigraphic distribution. Journal of Paleontology, 12, 156–166.
  • BULTYNCK, P. 1987. Pelagic and neritic conodont successions from the Givetian of pre-Sahara Morocco and the Ardennes. Bulletin de L’Institut royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 57, 149–181.
  • BULTYNCK, P. 2003. Devonian Icriodontidae: biostratigraphy, classification and remarks on paleoecology and dispersal. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 35, 295–314.
  • BULTYNCK, P. and GOUWY, S. 2002. Towards a standardization of Global Givetian substages. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Geology of the Devonian System. Syktyvkar, Geoprint, 142–144.
  • BULTYNCK, P. and GOUWY, S. 2008. Reference sections for the Middle Givetian Substage. Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy, Newsletter, 23, 21–31.
  • CARLS, P. and GONG, D. 1992. Devonian and Early Carboniferous Conodonts from Shidian (Western Yunnan, China). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 154, 179–221.
  • CLARK, D. L. and ETHINGTON, R. L. 1966. Conodonts and biostratigraphy of the Lower and Middle Devonian of Nevada and Utah. Journal of Paleontology, 40, 659–689.
  • DRUCE, E. C. 1976. Conodont biostratigraphy of the Upper Devonian Reef Complexes of the Canning Basin, Western Australia. Bulletin of the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Australia, 158, 1–301.
  • GARCÍA-LÓPEZ, S. 1981. Nueva especie de Ancyrodella (Conodonta) del Devónico Superior de la Cordillera Cantábrica (NO. de España). Estudios Geológicos, 37, 263–267.
  • GARCÍA-LÓPEZ, S. 1986. Los conodontos y su aplicación al estudio de las divisiones cronostratigráficas mayores del Devónico Asturleones (España). Publicaciones Especiales del Boletín Geológico y Minero. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España , 1–112.
  • GARCÍA-LÓPEZ, S. and SANZ-LÓPEZ, J. 2002. Devonian to Lower Carboniferous conodont biostratigraphy of the Bernesga Valley section (Cantabrian Zone, NW Spain). 163–205. In GARCÍA-LÓPEZ, S. and BASTIDA, F. (eds). Paleozoic conodonts from Northern Spain. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 1, 438 pp.
  • GARCÍA-LÓPEZ, S., GARCÍA-SANSEGUNDO, J. and ARBIZU, M. 1990. Datos estratigráficos y paleontológicos de la sucesión devónica del área del río Baliera (Zona Axial, Pirineos centrales españoles). Geogaceta, 7, 33–35.
  • HELSEN, S. and BULTYNCK, P. 1992. Conodonts and Megafauna from Two Sections at Nismes and Marienbourg (Frasnian of the Southern Flank of the Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium). Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 115, 145–157.
  • HINDE, G. J. 1879. On conodonts from the Chazy and Cincinnati Group of the Cambro-Silurian, and from the Hamilton and Genesee-Shale divisions of the Devonian, in Canada and the United States. Geological Society of London, Quarterly Journal, 35, 351–369.
  • HÜNEKE, H. 1995. Early Devonian (Emsian) to Late Devonian (Famennian) stratigraphy and conodont of the Antoinettenweg section in the Lower Harz Mountain (Germany). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 188, 99–131.
  • IZOKH, N. G., YOLKIN, E. A. and BAKHAREV, N. K. 2004. Early Frasnian Conodonts from the Rudny Altai (West Siberia). News on Paleontology and Stratigraphy, Geology and Geophysic, 45, 89–101. [In Russian].
  • JI, Q. 1989. On the Frasnian Conodont Biostratigraphy in the Guilin Area of Guangxi, South China. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 117, 303–320.
  • JI, Q. and ZIEGLER, W. 1993. The Lali Section: An Excellent Reference Section for Upper Devonian in South China. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 157, 1–183.
  • JI, Q., ZIEGLER, W. and DONG, X. 1992. Middle and Late Devonian Conodonts from the Licun Section, Yongfu, Guangxi, South China. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 154, 85–105.
  • JOHNSON, J. G. 1990. Lower and Middle Devonian brachiopod-dominated communities of Nevada, and their position in a biofacies-province-realm model (with a section on Revision of Middle Devonian conodont zones, by G. Klapper and J. G. Johnson). Journal of Paleontology, 64, 902–941.
  • JOHNSON, J. G., KLAPPER, G. and TROJAN, W. R. 1980. Braquiopod and Conodont successions in the Devonian of the northern Antelope Range, central Nevada. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 14, 77–116.
  • KLAPPER, G. 1985. Sequence in the conodont genus Ancyrodella in the Lower asymmetricus Zone (earliest Frasnian, Upper Devonian) of the Montagne Noire, France. Palaeontographica Abteilung A, 188, 19–34.
  • KLAPPER, G. 1997. Graphic correlation of Frasnian (Upper Devonian) sequences in Montagne Noire, France, and western Canada. Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 321, 113–129.
  • KLAPPER, G. and BECKER, T. R. 1999. Comparison of Frasnian (Upper Devonian) Conodont Zonations. Bolletino Della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 37, 339–348.
  • KLAPPER, G. and LANE, H. R. 1985. Upper Devonian (Frasnian) Conodonts of the Polygnathus Biofacies, N.W.T. Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 59, 904–951.
  • KLAPPER, G. and LANE, H. R. 1988. Frasnian (Upper Devonian) conodont sequence at Luscar Mountain and Mount Haultain, Alberta Rocky Mountains. 469–478. In MCMILLAN, N. J., EMBRY, D. J. and GLASS, D. J. (eds). Devonian of the World, Second International Symposium on the Devonian System, 1987. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 14, 469–478.
  • KLAPPER, G. and PHILIP, G. M. 1972. Familial Classification of reconstructed Devonian Conodont Apparatuses. Geologica et Palaeontologica, SB-1, 97–114.
  • KLAPPER, G. and ZIEGLER, W. 1979. Devonian conodont biostratigraphy. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 23, 199–224.
  • KLAPPER, G., FEIST, R. and HOUSE, M. R. 1988. Decision on the boundary stratotype for the Middle/Upper Devonian Series Boundary. Episodes, 10, 97–101.
  • KREBS, W. and ZIEGLER, W. 1966. Über die Mittledevon/Oberdevon-Grenze in der Riffazies bei Aachen. Fortschritte in der Geologie von Rheinland und Westfalen, 9, 731–754 [date of imprint, 1965].
  • KUZMIN, A. V. 1995. Lower Boundary of the Frasnian Stage in the Russian Platform. Stratigraphica Geologica Korrelyatsiya, 3, 111–120. [In Russian].
  • LANE, H. R., MÜLLER, K. J. and ZIEGLER, W. 1979. Devonian and Carboniferous conodonts from the Perak Malaysia. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 13, 213–226.
  • LAZREQ, N. 1999. Biostratigraphie des conodontes du Givétien au Famennien du Maroc central – Biofaciès et événement Kellwasser. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 214, 1–111.
  • LIAO, J.-C. and VALENZUELA-RIOS, J. I. 2008. Givetian and early Frasnian conodonts from the Compte section (Middle–Upper Devonian, Spanish Central Pyrenees). Geological Quarterly, 52, 1–18.
  • LIAO, J.-C., VALENZUELA-RIOS, J. I. and RODRÍGUEZ, S. 2001. Descripción de los conodontos del Givetiense y Frasniense inferior (Devónico) de Renanué (Pirineos Aragoneses). Coloquios de Paleontología, 52, 13–45.
  • LIAO, J.-C., KÖNIGSHOF, P., VALENZUELA-RÍOS, J. I. and SCHINDLER, E. 2008. Depositional environment interpretation and development of the Renanué section (Upper Eifelian – Lower Frasnian; Aragonian Pyrenees, N. Spain). Bulletin of Geosciences, 83, 481–490.
  • MEY, P. H. W. 1967. Evolution of the Pyrenean Basins during the Late Paleozoic. 1157–1166. In OSWALD, D. H. (ed.). International Symposium on the Devonian System, Calgary 1967. Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, Calgary, 1376 pp.
  • MOUND, M. C. 1968. Upper Devonian Conodonts from southern Alberta. Journal of Paleontology, 42, 444–524.
  • MÜLLER, K. J. and MÜLLER, E. M. 1957. Early Upper Devonian (Independence) Conodonts from Iowa. Journal of Paleontology, 31, 1069–1108.
  • MURPHY, M. A., VALENZUELA-RÍOS, J. I. and CARLS, P. 2004. On Classification of Pridoli (Late Silurian)-Lochkovian (Early Devonian) Spathognathodontidae (Conodonts). University of California, Riverside, Campus Museum Contribution, 6, 1–25.
  • NARKIEWICZ, K. and BULTYNCK, P. 2010. The Upper Givetian (Middle Devonian) subterminus conodont Zone in North America, Europe and North Africa. Journal of Paleontology, 84, 588–625.
  • NARKIEWICZ, K. and NARKIEWICZ, M. 2008. The mid-Frasnian subsidence pulse in the Lublin Basin (SE Poland): sedimentary record, conodont biostratigraphy and regional significance. Acta Geologica Polonica, 58, 287–301.
  • NORRIS, A. W., UYENO, T. T., SARTENAER, P. and TELFORD, P. G. 1992. Brachiopod and conodont faunas from the Uppermost Williams Island Formation and Lower Long Rapids Formation (Middle, and Upper Devonian), Moose River Basin, Northern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin, 434, 1–132.
  • ORR, W. 1964. Conodonts from the Devonian Lingle and Alto Formations of southern Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey, 361, 1–28.
  • OVER, D. J., HOPKINS, T. H., BRILL, A. and SPAZIANI, A. L. 2003. Age of the Middlesex Shale (Upper Devonian, Frasnian) in New York State. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 242, 217–223.
  • OVNATANOVA, N. S. and KONONOVA, L. I. 2001. Conodonts and Upper Devonian (Frasnian) Biostratigraphy of Central Regions of Russian Platform. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 233, 1–114.
  • OVNATANOVA, N. S. and KONONOVA, L. I. 2008. Frasnian Conodont from the Eastern Russian Platform. Paleontological Journal, 42, 997–1166.
  • PISARZOWSKA, A., SOBSTEL, M. and RACKI, G. 2006. Conodont based Event Stratigraphy of the Early–Middle Frasnian Transition on the South Polish Carbonate Shelf. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 51, 609–646.
  • POLLOCK, C. A. 1968. Lower Upper Devonian conodonts from Alberta, Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 42, 415–443.
  • RACKI, G. and BULTYNCK, P. 1993. Conodont biostratigraphy of the Middle to Upper Devonian boundary beds in the Kielce area of the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, 43, 1–25.
  • RAVEN, J. G. 1983. Conodont Biostratigraphy and depositional history of the Middle Devonian to Lower Carboniferous in the Cantabrian Zone (Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Leiden, 339 pp.
  • ROGERS, F. S. 1998. Conodont biostratigraphy of the Little Cedar and Lower Coralville Formations of the Cedar Valley Group (Middle Devonian) of Iowa and significance of a new species of Polygnathus. Journal of Paleontology, 72, 726–737.
  • SANDBERG, C. A., ZIEGLER, W. and BULTYNCK, P. 1989. New standard conodont zones and early Ancyrodella phylogeny across Middle-Devonian boundary. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 110, 195–230.
  • SANZ LÓPEZ, J. 1995. Estratigrafía y bioestratigrafía (Conodontos) del Silúrico Superior-Carbonífero Inferior del Pirineos Oriental y Central. Unpublished PhD thesis. Universitat de Barcelona. 514 pp.
  • SANZ LÓPEZ, J. 2004. Silúrico, Devónico y carbonífero pre- y sin-varisco de los Pirineos. 250–254. In VERA, V. (ed.). Geología de España. SGE-IGME, Madrid, 884 pp.
  • SEDDON, G. 1970. Pre-Chappel Conodonts of the Llano Region, Texas. Bureau of Economic Geology. The University of Texas, Austin; Report of Investigations, 68, 1–113.
  • SHEN, J. W. 1995. Middle–Upper Devonian Conodont succession and sea-level change in Guilin. Acta Micropaleontologica Sinica, 12, 251–273. [In Chinese with English summary].
  • SPARLING, D. R. 1995. Conodonts from the Middle Devonian Plum Brook Shale of North-Central Ohio. Journal of Paleontology, 69, 1123–1139.
  • ULRICH, E. O. and BASSLER, R. S. 1926. A classification of the toothlike fossils, conodonts with descriptions of American Devonian and Mississippian species. Proceedings of the United States Natural Museum, 68, 1–63.
  • UYENO, T. T. 1991. Pre-Famennian Devonian conodont biostratigraphy of selected intervals in the eastern Canadian Cordillera. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin, 417, 129–161.
  • UYENO, T. T. and WENDTE, J. 2005. Conodont Biostratigraphy and Physical Stratigraphy in two wells of the Beaverhill Lake Group, Upper Middle to Lower Upper Devonian. American Paleontology, Bulletin, 369, 151–171.
  • VALENZUELA-RÍOS, J. I. and LIAO, J.-C. 2006. Annotations to Devonian Correlation Table, R 357-360 di-ds 06: Spanish Central Pyrenees, southern part. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 86, 105–107.
  • VALENZUELA-RÍOS, J. I. and SANZ-LÓPEZ, J. 2002. Pyrenees. 86–89. In GIBBONS, W. and MORENO, T. (eds). The Geology of Spain. Geological Society. London, 649 pp.
  • VANDELAER, E., VANDORMAEL, C. and BULTYNCK, P. 1989. Biofacies and Refinement of Conodont Succession in the Lower Frasnian (Upper Devonian) of the Type Area (Frasnes-Nismes, Belgium). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 117, 321–352.
  • WANG, C. Y. 1994. Application of the Frasnian Standard Conodont Zonation in South China. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 168, 83–130.
  • WEDDIGE, K. 1977. Die Conodonten der Eifel Stufe im Typusgebiet und in benachbarten Faziesgebieten. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 58, 271–419.
  • WENNEKERS, J. H. N. 1968. The Geology of the Esera Valley and the Lys-Caillauas massif, Central Pyrenees. Sheet 7, 1:50.000. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Leiden, 46 pp.
  • WIRTH, M. 1967. Zur Gliederung des höheren Palozoikums (Givet-Namur) im Gebiet des Quinto Real (Wespyrenen) mit Hilfe von Conodonten. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palontologie, Abhandlungen, 127, 179–244.
  • WITTEKINDT, H. 1966. Zur Conodontenchronologie des Mitteldevons. Fortschritte in der Geologie von Rheinland und Westfalen, 9, 621–646 [date of imprint, 1965].
  • YATSKOV, S. V. and KUZMIN, A. 1992. Comparison of Ammonoid and Conodont Assemblages in Lower Frasnian Strata of South Timan. Bulletin of Moscow Natural Sciences, Section Geology, 67, 85–90. [In Russian].
  • YOUNGQUIST, W. L. 1947. A new upper Devonian conodont fauna from Iowa. Journal of Paleontology, 21, 95–112.
  • ZHURAVLEV, A., EVDOKIMOVA, I. and SOKIRAN, E. 1997. New data on conodonts, brachiopods, and ostracodes from the stratotypes of the Ilmen and Buregi Beds (Frasnian, main Devonian Field). Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Geological Sciences, 46, 169–186.
  • ZIEGLER, W. 1958. Ein Devon-Karbonprofil westlich von Marburg/Lahn.Stratigraphie und Tektonik. Notizblat des hessischen Landes-Amt und Bodenforschung, 86, 119–132.
  • ZIEGLER, W. 1966. Eine Verfeinerung der Conodontengliederung an der Grenze Mittel-/Oberdevon. Fortschritte in der Geologie von Rheinland und Westfalen, 9, 647–676 [date of imprint, 1965].
  • ZIEGLER, W. 1971. Conodont stratigraphy of European Devonian. Geological Society of America, Memoir, 127, 227–284.
  • ZIEGLER, W. (ed.) 1973. Catalogue of Conodonts. I. E. Schweitzerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 504 pp.
  • ZIEGLER, W. and KLAPPER, G. 1982. The disparilis conodont Zone, the proposed level for the Middle–Upper Devonian boundary. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 55, 463–492.
  • ZIEGLER, W. and WANG, C. Y. 1985. Sihongshan section, a regional reference section for the Lower–Middle and Middle–Upper Devonian Boundaries in East Asia. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 75, 17–38.
  • ZIEGLER, W., KLAPPER, G. and JOHNSON, J. G. 1976. Redefinition and subdivision of the varcus-Zone (Conodonts, Middle-? Upper Devonian in Europe and North America. Geologica et Palaeontologica, 10, 109–140.
  • ZIEGLER, W., OVNATANOVA, N. S. and KONONOVA, L. I. 2000. Devonian Polygnathids from the Frasnian of the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Germany, and the Russian Platform. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 80, 593–645.
  • ZWART, H. J. 1979. The Geology of the Central Pyrenees. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, 50, 1–74.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+